Hermod Member

updated to follow: Stratigraphic Guide to the Rogaland Group, Norwegian North Sea. Harald Brunstad, Felix M. Gradstein, Jan Erik Lie, Øyvind Hammer, Dirk Munsterman,  Gabi Ogg, and Michelle Hollerbach. Newsletter on Stratigraphy, vol 46/2 pp137-286, 2013.

Rogaland Group, Sele Formation

Unit definition

The Hermod Member is attributed to the intra Sele Formation sandstones encountered in subarea NW in Fig. 1, mainly in the Viking Graben and the East Shetland basin.

Fig 1: Location map of the Members of the Sele Formation.



The Hermod Member is renamed from the Hermod Formation defined by Hardt et al. (1989) in Isaksen and Tonstad (1989). The Hermod Member is age equivalent to the marginal to slope marine sandstones of the Dornoch Member of the UK sector.

Derivatio nominis

The Hermod member is named after the Norse god Hermod, a son of Odin (Hardt et al., in Isaksen & Tonstad, 1989).

Type well

Norwegian well 25/2-6 (Fig. 112). Depth 2221-2361 m. Coordinates N 59°45'33.55", E 02°33'05.96". No cores. Defined by Hardt et al (1989).

Fig. 112. Well 25/2-6 Composite log Rogaland Group. Stratigraphic position of the Hermod Member is outlined in stratigraphic column to the right.

Reference wells

UK well 10/1-1A. Depth 2126-2212 mRKB. Coordinates N 59°50'10.51", E 02°00'33.60". No cores. Defined by Hardt et al (1989).

Norwegian well 25/11-1 (new, Fig. 113). Depth 1790-1818 mRKB. Coordinates N 59°10'53.00", E 02°24'49.00". No cores.

Norwegian well 30/7-2 (new, Fig. 114). Depths 2039-2095 and 2123-2147 m. Coordinates N 60°29'26.06", E 02°01'40.85". No cores.

Fig. 113. Well 25/11-1 Composite log Rogaland Group. Stratigraphic position of the Hermod Member is outlined in stratigraphic column to the right.

Fig. 114. Well 30/7-2 Composite log Rogaland Group. Stratigraphic position of the Hermod Member is outlined in stratigraphic column to the right.


The Hermod Member consists of well-sorted, very fine- to medium-grained sandstones, interbedded with claystones. Internally the sandstones sometimes have thin interbeds of fissile mudstone. The top and base of the Hermod Member are restricted to the diagnostic Sele Formation mudstones above and below.

Sandstone intrusions are frequently found associated with the upper boundary of sandstones bodies, often with an abundance of angular and tabular mudstone clasts.

A core example from Norwegian well 15/3-6 is shown in Fig. 115, displaying clean, massive beds of sandstone with interbeds of heterolithics, probably representing a series of stacked high density turbidite beds.

Fig. 115. Core photo example from the Hermod Member. Sediments consist of clean, massive sandstones with water escape structures and heterolithic interbeds. Well drilled by Amoco. Photo from NPD Fact Pages at http://www.npd.no.

Wireline log characterization

The sandstones of the Hermod Member often display massive blocky zones of low gamma-ray readings with distinct and abrupt transitions against the higher gamma-ray and low velocity of the enclosing shales.

Upper boundary

The Hermod Member is overlain by the Sele Formation, and the boundary is an abrupt change from sandstones to dark shales. The gamma-ray response changes upwards from low readings in the sandstones to significantly higher readings in the Sele Formation above. The sonic changes from high to low readings.

Lower boundary

The lower boundary of the Hermod Member is identified by an upwards transition from the shales of the Sele or the Lista Formation below. The log response is characterised by a sharp upwards change from high gamma-ray readings and low velocity in the shales to low gamma-ray readings and high velocity in the Hermod sandstone.



The Hermod Member can be more than 100 m thick (101 m in well 25/1-1 and 172 m in well 25/2-1), but is mostly in the order of a few meters to a few tens of meters.

Seismic characterization

The Hermod Member often exhibits a high acoustic contrast when low velocity Sele Formation shales are found above and below. In such cases a high amplitude response is often seen.

The external geometry of the Hemod Member can be mounded, lenticular or trough like channel fills, sometimes associated with seismic scale injectites.

A seismic example from block 25/10 is shown in Fig. 116, displaying the Hermod Member as the uppermost sandstone unit.

Fig. 116. Seismic cross section through southern parts of block 25/10. Inferred presence of Hermod sandstones is outlined.


Latest Paleocene-Earliest Eocene (Late Thanetian-Earliest Ypresian).


Being contained in the Sele Formation, the age of the Hermod Member is bounded by biostratigraphy and age assignments for the Sele Formation. See description for the Sele Formation.

Correlation and subdivision

Based on the diagnostic Apectodinium spp. Acme biomarker internally in the Sele Formation, the Hermod Member is subdivided into Hermod S1, which lies below the biomarker, and correlates to Skadan and the Teal Members in the UK Viking Graben, and the Hermod S2, which lies above the biomarker, and correlates to what is called the Hermod Member in the UK sector.

Geographic distribution

The Hermod Member is mainly restricted to the Viking Graben, and pinches out distally to the east. Sometimes it stretches onto the western flank of the Utsira High (Fig. 102).

Depositional environment

The Hermod sandstones are related to submarine-fan systems where the most distal parts are interpreted as lobe deposits. The sands were shed eastwards from the shelf areas of the East Shetland Platform (Conort 1986). The feeder systems are sometimes discrete channels that go into radiate fans. In other cases the Hermod sand system consists of channel/lobe complexes of more amalgamated lobes and channels.

Discoveries in Norway with the Hermod Member as hydrocarbons reservoir

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